Hurricane Evacuation Plan for Home
Hurricane Preparedness Articles
- 7 Step Hurricane Preparedness Plan
- Hurricane Hazards and Risk Factors
- Make a Hurricane Evacuation Plan
- Hurricane Preparedness Kits and Supplies
- Hurricane Insurance Checkup and Updates
- Prepare Your Home for Hurricanes
- Help Neighbors with Hurricane Preparedness
- Complete Your Hurricane Preparedness Plan
- Emergency Preparedness Tips
- How to Prepare for a Power Outage
- 10 Tips to Survive a Hurricane Disaster
- FEMA Recommends a Generator
- Hurricane Disaster Preparedness
At least 60 percent of all people living in hurricane-prone areas don’t know their evacuation route and 80 percent don’t have a plan to evacuate. Although a hurricane may give a day or even two to prepare, the longer it takes, the harder it becomes to evacuate. News video often shows crowded roads, bumper to bumper traffic, and gas stations with “No Gas” signs posted on their pumps.
Any impending natural disaster—wildfires, floods, and hurricanes—could prompt authorities to order evacuations. Wildfires give much less warning than a hurricane and send people scrambling to escape without necessities. Evacuations such as rising flood waters force people to leave with little more than the clothes on their backs.
Make it simple and quick with a Hurricane Evacuation Plan that gets your family out with everything needed during and after the disaster.
Before Hurricane Season
Pre-season Hurricane Evacuation Planning
- Find out if you live in an evacuation zone. If you do, make note of the zone in a document you can access with your smart phone. Bookmark official websites and information about evacuations in your area.
- Have a "Go Bag" for your supplies. Easy to carry. Fits in your car. Can be taken along if you end up on foot. A backpack go bag makes carrying it easier.
- Make a plan for your pets—never leave them behind.
- Learn and drive your evacuation route. The National Weather Service recommends planning several routes. Major interstate highways and state expressways are best. Choose U.S. and State Highways for a Backup Plan.
- If you decide to evacuate, leave before officials begin issuing evacuation orders.
- Follow evacuation orders for your zone when they are given. Leave as soon as possible and follow the official evacuation route to avoid clogged or impassable roads.
Evacuation Kit Basics
Go Bag. These items are basics that everyone needs. You may have to carry your kit on foot. Keep it as light as possible, but pack everything you need. Evaluate this evacuation kit list and add items as needed. Pack zipper bags, squeeze all the air out when sealing, and place inside a second bag.
- Change of clothing for several days
- Copies of important documents—store originals in a bank box.
- Waterproof flashlights + extra batteries.
- Portable NOAA weather radio + extra batteries (a model that allows tuning regular radio stations is a good idea.)
- ID for each person.
- Prescription medications. You might need to take special measures for refrigeration if necessary.
- Everyone should have some cash in a mix of small, medium, and large bills.
- Spare keys for house and car
- Cell phone charger, cord, and extra battery.
- Copy of your communication plan—on paper and stored on your cell phone.
- Water & food. Energy bars, granola, protein bars, etc—light, small, and fits in the Go Bag.
- Veterinary records including proof of vaccinations.
Car Evacuation Kit
Your Car Evacuation Kit should be almost as portable as your Go Bag. Like your Go Bag, it is a good idea to pack everything feasible in air-tight, waterproof bags. A duffel bag or a bin with a lid is a good choice.
- Drinking water—1 gallon, per person, per day, for 3-4 days minimum. 10 Days is better.
- Shelf-stable meals—10 day supply.
- Can opener, even if you don't pack canned foods.
- First aid kit. Supplies for medical equipment or medical conditions.
- 5-gallon bucket with watertight lid—Good for storing supplies or water.
- Blankets—one per person. In a car, it can be difficult to share.
- Phone charger for the 12-volt auto outlet.
- Whistle or air-horn + flares.
- Quality multi-tool. Make sure it has a knife. Sharpen the knife—many come very dull.
- Pocket knife—buy a good one and sharpen it.
- Toiletries, toilet paper, paper towels, packaged moist towelettes, hand sanitizer, heavy-duty garbage bags that don't leak.
- Waterproof bags like freezer zipper bags in small, medium, large, and jumbo sizes.
- A gas can. Store in a garbage bag to keep the odor in.
- Jumper cables
- A towline
- Large tarp—use with rope to construct a shelter.
- Rope, like clothes line or of similar strength.
- Regular Maps - local, county, state.
Each person has different needs. Provide a backpack that carries their personal items with room to spare. If you must leave the car, add what you can from the Car Kit to the personal backpacks so everyone can help carry. Small children can't carry much, but a pack with their favorite stuffed toy can be a comfort and it won't add much weight to throw in a few small items. Be sure to include contact information in children's bags, probable destinations, and any special needs.
Don't leave the compass, the multi-tool, or pocket knife behind. Take along the food, as much water as you can carry, the first aid kit, and the shelter supplies. Things you won't need if you leave the car are the towline, jumper cables, gas can, or the 12-volt phone charger.
You can’t make an efficient or adequate Hurricane Evacuation Plan at the last minute. By the time authorities order evacuations, little time remains to gather everything required. Depending on when it happens, you may not have access to everything needed. Create a plan before a hurricane or other disaster takes aim on your community so you can evacuate safely and quickly with everything you need.
Other Pre-season Hurricane Evacuation Preparedness Tasks
- Download and install the FEMA App to your phone. Included in the information it provides are lists of open shelters in your area along with disaster updates and important information.
- Download and install a Fuel App to provide options on the road during an evacuation.
- Decide where to go if you evacuate and how to get there. Multiple options are best and may include shelters, motels or hotels, and friends or family. The best options take you far away from the impending danger.
- If you have pets, your destinations should include at least one or two options that allow them to stay. Most public shelters only accept service animals.
- Identify official evacuation routes and their alternates. Add the directions to the evacuation routes to your evacuation kit. Local governments often funnel traffic from evacuation zones into specific routes to avoid hazards, decrease congestion, and speed up the evacuation.
- Make a family communication plan to determine how you will communicate with your extended family and friends, household family members. Ask one person, preferably out of state, to be your single point of contact so they can inform other members of your family. Give them a list of people to contact in case you have to evacuate or lose communication options after a disaster.
- Designate two meeting places with a first and a second. If your family or group becomes separated, meet at those places.
- When you assemble your Hurricane Emergency Supply Kit, Include items for car travel and pack them in portable bags or crates. They should fit in your car or be easy to carry on public transportation if that is your plan. Try to keep all your kits as light as possible, but don't leave things out just because they add a couple of pounds.
- Your pets need supplies too. Food, water, crate or however they travel. Don't forget leashes, collars, and identification tags. Never leave pets behind.
- Anytime a disaster might threaten, renew prescriptions well in advance and keep at least a week supply on hand. It's not too hard to build up a small supply if you pickup prescriptions a few days early each month. Don't let prescriptions get old.
- Seniors and children, and those with special needs may have specific requirements not included in standard lists. Be sure to consider their needs and make it a part of the overall plan
- Ahead of the hurricane season, store enough fuel in cans to fill the fuel tank half full. Mix it with fuel stabilizer according to directions. Perform required maintenance on time and keep the vehicle ready for a trip. Store a portable emergency kit in the car. If you have more than one vehicle, decide which to evacuate and which to leave behind. Only take one vehicle.
- During Hurricane Season, keep the car gas tank at least half full at all times.
- If you don’t own a car or it won’t make the trip, arrange travel plans with family or friends or determine public transportation options and verify operation with the public transportation department.
- If you suspect evacuation orders are coming, it’s best to leave as soon as possible and well in advance of the bad weather. The sooner you leave, the easier and faster you will get to your destination. You'll also have fewer problems finding and purchasing more fuel.
- Ignoring evacuation orders increases the possibility of injury or even death. After the storm arrives, Requests for emergency services will overwhelm first responders. They may not be able to reach you in an emergency or may take a long time for them to respond. Services such as 911 may not work if you lose telephone or cell phone service. Failure to evacuate puts you and your family at risk.
- Take your pets with you. You should already have a plan to care for them including where you shelter that allows pets or have another place to shelter them. It is a part of responsible pet ownership.
- Take your Disaster Supply Kit and each person’s Individual Emergency Kit.
- Do you have a small, inverter generator for emergency power? Take it with you if it fits in the car with everything else. You may need it when you return.
- Pay attention to information provided on your FEMA App about local shelters, evacuation routes, and disaster updates. Use a battery-powered radio to stay informed and follow evacuation instructions. Your Portable NOAA Radio can also give you updates.
- Let your single point of contact know your destination and ask them to inform everyone on the list. Remember to inform them again when you arrive at your destination.
- Secure your home. Close and lock all doors and windows. Unplug electrical equipment and appliances except for freezers and refrigerator unless it a flood is likely. Follow any instruction to shut off your electric service and gas service. Use the main house disconnect and the shut-off valve on the gas meter.
- Leave a note inside that explains when you left and destination.
- Wear sturdy clothing. Longs pants, long-sleeved shirts, a hat, cotton socks, and hiking shoes or boots. Include warm weather clothing in fall or winter months. Leave the flip flops, high heels, and sandals behind. Choose comfortable, practical clothing that offers protection from the elements and hazards.
- Follow evacuation routes. Other roads may be blocked, over crowded, or impassable. Stay alert for road hazards. If you encounter flood waters, do not drive into flood water even if you see other cars doing so. Never enter moving water in a vehicle.
Don’t try to return until it is safe and local crews have cleared your area.
- Expect significant damage and disruption to everyday services. Remember that storm debris and flood waters might contain hazards and the risk of disease. Never enter flood water except to escape a life-threatening situation.
- Before returning home, tell your single point of contact where you are going and when you hope to arrive.
- Keep phones and tablets charged. Consider extra batteries for power outages.
- Fill the gas tank. Check your fuel app for open gas stations.
- Pack water and food for the trip. Remember that food at your home may be spoiled and unusable. Bring at least a three-day supply of non-perishable food and water.
- Downed power lines are deadly. Stay away and report them to the power and utility company. If you smell gas, call your gas utility and local fire department.
- Use standby generators or portable generators for emergency power and follow all portable generator safety rules.